Pick’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment in the Elderly

Pick’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment in the Elderly

Causes:

Heredity. The disease may develop due to hereditary reasons if one of the family members or relatives have been diagnosed by Pick’s disease previously. Severe traumatic brain injuries, which subsequently led to the death of neurons. Severe mental disorders that were suffered by a person previously in their life.

Symptoms:

Difficulty in speaking and writing, changes in behavior.

Personality changes during the early stages of the disease.

Due to atrophic changes in the frontal areas of the brain, sudden mood swings may occur that is characterized by irresponsibility to domestic and work duties, absent-mindedness, etc.  With atrophy of the temporal divisions, a state opposite to the first occurs suspiciousness, a feeling of being useless and being lost. Changes in speech may be observed, such as the reduction of an active vocabulary, repeating same words again and again, and distortion of the grammatical structure of sentences.

Patients no longer understand the speech addressed to them, lose their skills in self-care, personal hygiene, periodically they have sudden flashes of arousal. Obesity and the development of cachexia are characteristic of the middle stage of Pick’s disease. There are strong changes in personal qualities. The patient needs constant supervision. As a result of the disease, a highly educated person with a rich vocabulary, watching their appearance for several months can become a slovenly, tactless individual who cannot speak coherently.

Treatment options:

There are no special treatments for Pick’s disease in modern psychiatry. Treatment is prescribed in accordance with the symptoms and severity of the disease. The following four groups of drugs may be prescribed by the doctors:

  • With the help of MFI inhibitors and antidepressants, substitution treatment is carried out.
  • Neuroprotectors stimulate metabolic brain processes and cell activity, which slows down the development of atrophy.
  • Anti-inflammatory therapy may also be conducted.
  • Sedatives and drugs that can reduce aggressive manifestations are assigned to correct existing mental disorders.

Patients need the constant support of loved ones. In the later stages of Pick’s disease, it is crucial not to leave them alone, as this can be dangerous both for themselves and others. Treatment is aimed only at alleviating the patient’s condition and slowing the progression of negative brain changes.

Medicare Supplements: Medicare supplement plans can effectively pay for additional expenditures like deductible, copays that aren’t included in Part A and Part B Medicare Program.